Dec. 19, 1932 – Sidney Finkel was born Sevek Finkelstein in Piotrkow, Poland to Lieb and Faiga. The first few years of his life were spent as part of a normal, loving and fairly well-to-do family.
1939 (age 6) – After Nazi Germany invaded Poland, Sevek, his parents, his brother Isaac and his sisters Ronia, Lola and Frania were forced to moved into the cramped and disease-ridden ghetto in Piotrkow. His brother Isaac was sent to the Front with the Polish Army to fight the Germans, where he was shot and wounded. Back in the ghetto, all of the family’s possessions were confiscated, and the children were not allowed to attend school. But that was just the beginning of the atrocities Sevek would experience as a child.
1940 (age 7) – His eldest sister Ronia was discovered outside the ghetto giving birth to an infant boy. Ronia was shot dead in a cemetery by German officers after they had thrown the child out a window.
1942 (age 9) – 90% of the Jews in the ghetto were herded into cattle cars and shipped to their deaths in the Treblinka concentration camp. Sevek’s mother Faiga and sister Frania were among the victims. Sevek, his brother Isaac, sister Lola, and father Lieb remained in the ghetto.
1943 (age 10) – Sevek, his father Lieb and brother Isaac were sent to a slave labor camp in Bugaj, Poland.
November 1944 (age 11) – Sevek, Lieb and Isaac were loaded into cattle cars and shipped to a much worse slave labor camp in Czestochowa, Poland.
April 10, 1945 (age 12) – One day before Buchenwald is liberated by the Americans, Sevek, Isaac and 1,500 others march to Weimar, where they are loaded on open cars. Over the course of three weeks, starvation and disease kill 1,000 of the prisoners.
May 1945 (age 12) Sevek arrives in the concentration camp in Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia where the Germans supposedly had fled. Sevek catches typhus and almost dies. He survives, is reunited with Isaac and sister Lola, and is free.
August 1945 (age 12) – Sevek and Isaac are flown to England with other young Jewish refugees as part of a group called “The Boys”. Later, he is sent to a boarding school called Bunce Court. He does not speak the language; he is basically illiterate since he had no schooling for six years. But because of the loving attitude of his teachers, he begins to learn.
1951 (age 18) Sevek arrives in the United States joining his sister Lola and her family.
Sevek changes his name to Sidney Finkel. He settled in Chicago, living with an uncle, where he began a successful career as a salesman and manager at an appliance store. Sidney, now a widow, has five children, nine grandchildren and two great grandchildren. He currently lives with his companion Barbara, in Tucson, AZ.
In April 2011 and 2015, Sidney returned to Buchenwald for commemorations of the concentration camp’s liberation. Click here for Return to Buchenwald Gallery.
Dedicated to education, Sidney received his GED at the age of 55. He also received an honorary doctorate from the St. Xavier University in Chicago in 2011. Click here for Commencement Gallery.
Sidney has served on the Advisory Board of Facing History And Ourselves, an organization that focuses on assisting school children in learning about the Holocaust and other major historical events and how to think about the moral decisions that both leaders and ordinary people make when confronted with prejudice, hatred, and temptations to de-humanize others.
In May of 2013, Sidney received the Philip K. Weiss Award for Storytelling for Peace and Human Rights, where he was introduced by two of his grandchildren. Click here for Phillip Weiss Award Gallery.
Sidney is currently active in the JCFS of Southern Arizona’s Holocaust Survivor community.
A Life Changing Event and Second Career
Sidney did not begin talking about his experiences during the Holocaust until 1993, when visiting his pregnant daughter. Then, in 1993, while visiting the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC and with the suggestion of his son, he decided it was time to share his story publicly.
Further resources regarding the Piotrkow Trybunalski and the young survivors who were transported to England include:
- A Tale of One City: Piotrkow Trybunalski, Edited by Ben Giladi, Shengold Publishers, Inc., New York (Amazon.com)
- The Boys: The Story of 732 Young Concentration Camp Survivors, Martin Gilbert, Henry Holt and Company, New York (Amazon.com)
- The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team, www.HolocaustResearchProject.org
Email Sidney at firstname.lastname@example.org to learn more about how he can assist you with Holocaust Education in your classroom.